The London Hammer

Adam Hennessy
4 min readSep 16, 2023
Map of London Texas
London, Texas (google Maps

The London Hammer, so named for the location in which it was found, London Texas, draws those who learn of it into a realm of ancient mysteries and raises questions that defy conventional wisdom. This artifact, one of many mysterious finds often categorised as an, “out of place artifacts” or “out of place objects”, teases both inquisitive researchers and fervent conspiracy theorists. As we delve into the story of the London Hammer, we find ourselves traversing through time, questioning the boundaries of history, and peering into the unknown.

The Remarkable Discovery:

In 1936 Max Hahn and his wife, Emma Zadie Hahn, stumbled across a wooden handle fused to a metal hammer which was encased in solid rock. Not that extraordinary — right?

Well, once analysed, the surrounding rock was found to date back to the Cretaceous period. The Cretaceous began 145.0 million years ago and ended 66 million years ago — you will know this period for the famous T-Rex — not, to my knowledge, renown for hammer making.

The question then is how did a seemingly modern tool become imprisoned within a rock that vastly predated our species?

What Actually is it?

It seems to be incontrovertible that the rock secretions surrounding the hammer are real, they date to the Cretaceous period. The hammerhead is 6 inches long with an 1 inch diameter. Reportedly, by the holder of the hammer It consists of 96.6% iron, 2.6% chlorine and 0.74% sulphur and … this is a bold claim has not rusted since its discovery — although if kept in museum conditions this may not be so extraordinary a claim.

Masonry experts and causal observers have commented that the hammer is consistent with typical tools from the mid-late 1800’s from that region. Essentially a form of miner’s hammer.


· it is a hammer,

· it is in Cretacious rock,

· as far as we know the T-Rex did not forge it, and

· there were no known hominids during this period.